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Oic conference

Comprised of fifty-seven nations spread over four continents, the forty-year-old Organization of the Islamic Conference OIC is the second largest international body after the UN, and is aimed at protecting Muslim interests worldwide. Some experts say the organization has been ineffectual, but they also note its tremendous potential for addressing the issues facing Muslims. These questions have taken on particular prominence in the controversy over U. According to the OIC web site, the council was created in following a summit in Morocco in the wake of the "criminal arson of Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied Jerusalem.

Islamic leaders gather for summit shunned by Saudi Arabia - AFP

The organization was originally formed around the idea of Muslim solidarity, particularly protecting the Islamic holy sites, assisting the Palestinian cause, eradicating racial discrimination, and improving economic cooperation.

Some experts contend the group should not be seen as a religious body but as an intergovernmental organization. Still, with fifty-seven member countries and a total population of nearly 1.

Former U. International Organizations. Efforts to isolate Israel have largely fallen flat. For instance, Egypt was excluded from the OIC in for establishing a peace agreement with Israel Egypt was reinstated inand several other countries continue to maintain diplomatic and economic ties despite a OIC resolution for an economic boycott. Inthe conference adopted a ten-year plan to address issues such as terrorism, Islamophobia, poor governance, and economic disparities.

It approved a broadened charter to reflect these issues three years later. Some countries, such as Turkey and Malaysia, envision the conference as a forum for a cultural agenda pushing moderation, while others, such as Saudi Arabia and Iran, want a more political agenda including the spread of theocratic influence. Decisions are primarily made by the council of foreign ministers, which meets every year to review new policies, and a summit of heads of state that meets every three years to consider major initiatives.

The General Secretariat, headed by the secretary general, carries out the day-to-day functions and policies. Though the budget comes primarily from mandatory dues from member nations, and the charter also allows for additional funds to be supplied voluntarily, OIC pledges for member aid are often only partly met. Experts say this gives countries like Saudi Arabia and Iran significant influence.

Through checkbook dominance and other means, several OIC countries hold considerable power.

Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

Turkey, which joined the OIC inhas grown in influence and has taken an active role in attempting to make the conference more relevant and moderate.The organisation states that it is "the collective voice of the Muslim world " and works to "safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony".

Amin al-Husseinithe former Mufti of Jerusalem, called the arson a "Jewish crime" and called for all Muslim heads of state to convene a summit. On 25 Septemberan Islamic Conference, a summit of representatives of 24 Muslim majority countries most of the representatives being heads of statewas held in RabatMorocco.

While the al-Aqsa fire is regarded as one of the catalysts for the formation of the OIC, many Muslims have aspired to a pan-Islamic institution that would serve the common political, economic, and social interests of the ummah Muslim community since the 19th century. According to its charter, the OIC aims to preserve Islamic social and economic values; promote solidarity amongst member states; increase cooperation in social, economic, cultural, scientific, and political areas; uphold international peace and security; and advance education, particularly in the fields of science and technology.

The emblem of the OIC contains three main elements that reflect its vision and mission as incorporated in its new Charter. These elements are: the Kaabathe Globe, and the Crescent.

On 5 August45 foreign ministers of the OIC adopted the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam to serve as a guidance for the member states in the matters of human rights in as much as they are compatible with the Shariaor Quranic Law. In Marchthe OIC conducted a formal revision of its charter.

The revised charter set out to promote human rights, fundamental freedoms, and good governance in all member states. Since then OIC members have absorbed refugees from other conflicts, including the uprising in Syria. The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation has 57 members, 56 of which are also member states of the United Nationsthe exception being Palestine.

Some members, especially in West Africa and South America, are — though with large Muslim populations — not necessarily Muslim majority countries.

A few countries with significant Muslim populations, such as Russia and Thailandsit as Observer States. The collective population of OIC member states is over 1. Only OIC members are entitled to membership in the union.

Bush said of the envoy, "Our special envoy will listen to and learn from representatives from Muslim states, and will share with them America's views and values. He was appointed on 13 February The OIC, on 28 Marchjoined the criticism of the film Fitna by Dutch lawmaker Geert Wilderswhich features disturbing images of violent acts juxtaposed with alleged verses from the Quran.

The OIC has called for boycott of Israeli products in effort to pressure Israel into ending the occupation of the Palestinian territories. There was a meeting in Conakry in Secretary-General Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu said that foreign ministers would discuss the possibility of cutting ties with any state that recognised Jerusalem as the capital of Israel or that moves its embassy to its environs.

Pakistan opposes India's entry into the OIC. The reason for opposition to India's entry into the OIC cited by Pakistan is due to the human rights issues and problems faced by the Kashmiris in the Indian territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The head of the Indian delegation, the then ambassador to Moroccoeven addressed the gathering. While General Yahya Khan of Pakistan did agree, he showed his extreme displeasure at the induction of non muslim representative.

Fakhruddin Ali Ahmadwho was to head the Indian delegation was on his way to Rabata. Yahya Khan took a stand against India and threatened to boycott summit which caused a major controversy. As such Indo-Pak differences led Islamabad to keep India out for the final session of the conference and all summits thereafter.Learn More here.

OIC is an industry resource supported by OCC to provide trustworthy education about the benefits and risks of exchange-listed options. SinceOIC has been dedicated to increasing the awareness, knowledge and responsible use of options by individual investors, financial advisors and institutional managers.

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Institutional Investor Center Can options-based strategies impact risk-adjusted performance for endowments?OIC invites you to expand your options knowledge by attending one of our free educational equity option webinars or seminars. Taught by exchange professionals, OIC webinars run from p.

oic conference

Registration is required. But did you know that options are often used to avoid or mitigate risk? If you've ever thought about how you might protect your long stocks or ETFs, or even how to recover from a position that's gone against you, OIC has a webinar you can't miss. Sign up today to listen in live - completely for free. Plus, registration means you'll get access to the webinar replay any time you want to hear it again. The markets are currently experiencing severe volatility.

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About 2022 Summit

Various hedging strategies and their costs will be discussed. Learn how the markets have recently behaved and what could potentially lie ahead. Is implied pricing being reflected fairly, are skews too steep, should you be a net buyer or seller of options? Join our select group of portfolio managers and data professionals as they discuss current market dynamics. In partnership with:. Many investors agree that adequate risk management involves having insurance but buying puts to protect your portfolio can be costly.

oic conference

What if there was a way to buy protection but mitigate the cost? One of the fundamental concepts of options investing is the collar, a hedging strategy that traditionally combines protective puts with covered calls. On May 13, join OIC for a free webinar to learn about:. Plus, we'll provide examples with profit and loss graphs to improve your understanding. Register today to learn about collars-registering gives you access to the webinar replay any time.

Professional traders commonly implement options strategies that can afford defined risk and defined reward. This is why spread trading is so popular. Sign up today to start learning about verticals.

Plus, when you register, you'll be able to access the webinar replay any time! Directional butterflies are built with multiple positions, and that means they require close attention. The good news? OIC can help guide you through how they work. We'll also provide examples with profit and loss calculations so you can see more about how the directional butterfly strategy works.

Sign up today. Plus, when you register, you'll get access to the replay any time. Apr 15, On April 15 thjoin OIC Instructor Ed Modla to learn about: The basics of put buying Using puts to protect a stock position or portfolio The motivation and execution of the Stock Repair strategy Choosing strike prices and managing positions Sign up today to listen in live - completely for free.

On May 13, join OIC for a free webinar to learn about: Protective puts and covered calls Traditional collars, as well as collar varieties Picking staggered expiration dates Plus, we'll provide examples with profit and loss graphs to improve your understanding. On May 20th, OIC Instructor Mark Benzaquen will host a free investor webinar to teach you about: The basics of options spreads and why verticals are used How debit and credit spreads differ Strike and expiration selection Assignment risk and position management Sign up today to start learning about verticals.Comprised of fifty-seven nations spread over four continents, the forty-year-old Organization of the Islamic Conference OIC is the second largest international body after the UN, and is aimed at protecting Muslim interests worldwide.

Some experts say the organization has been ineffectual, but they also note its tremendous potential for addressing the issues facing Muslims. These questions have taken on particular prominence in the controversy over U. According to the OIC web site, the council was created in following a summit in Morocco in the wake of the "criminal arson of Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied Jerusalem.

The organization was originally formed around the idea of Muslim solidarity, particularly protecting the Islamic holy sites, assisting the Palestinian cause, eradicating racial discrimination, and improving economic cooperation. Some experts contend the group should not be seen as a religious body but as an intergovernmental organization.

Still, with fifty-seven member countries and a total population of nearly 1. Former U. International Organizations. Efforts to isolate Israel have largely fallen flat. For instance, Egypt was excluded from the OIC in for establishing a peace agreement with Israel Egypt was reinstated inand several other countries continue to maintain diplomatic and economic ties despite a OIC resolution for an economic boycott.

Inthe conference adopted a ten-year plan to address issues such as terrorism, Islamophobia, poor governance, and economic disparities. It approved a broadened charter to reflect these issues three years later. Some countries, such as Turkey and Malaysia, envision the conference as a forum for a cultural agenda pushing moderation, while others, such as Saudi Arabia and Iran, want a more political agenda including the spread of theocratic influence. Decisions are primarily made by the council of foreign ministers, which meets every year to review new policies, and a summit of heads of state that meets every three years to consider major initiatives.

The General Secretariat, headed by the secretary general, carries out the day-to-day functions and policies. Though the budget comes primarily from mandatory dues from member nations, and the charter also allows for additional funds to be supplied voluntarily, OIC pledges for member aid are often only partly met.

Experts say this gives countries like Saudi Arabia and Iran significant influence. Through checkbook dominance and other means, several OIC countries hold considerable power.

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Turkey, which joined the OIC inhas grown in influence and has taken an active role in attempting to make the conference more relevant and moderate.

The May Turkish-sponsored flotilla incident, in which Israeli forces raided a ship attempting to breach the blockade of Gaza, has also been heavily criticized by OIC members. However, the flotilla incident also highlights the continuing divisions within the conference over how to handle Israel.

Egypt had aided the blockade by also closing its border to Gaza with little public criticism from OIC countries. Following the flotilla incident, Egypt opened its border for the first time to allow shipments of non-medical aid and food, but it is unclear how long it will remain open Haaretz.

The OIC also is pushing a resolution on the defamation of religions within the HRC, which has an emphasis on protecting Islam from being insulted or stereotyped as a religion of terrorism. Advocates say such action is needed to combat growing Islamophobia. But human rights and free speech advocates say a non-binding resolution or potentially a binding treaty will curtail religious and political freedom, because religious blasphemy laws in Islamic countries are often used to target religious minorities and government critics.

The defamation resolution is an offshoot of the disagreement over the definition of human rights by Islamic countries.

oic conference

The UN universal human rights declaration, for example, recognizes the right to change religions, but the Cairo declaration does not. All rights in the Cairo declaration are to be read and understood through sharia law —which does not allow conversion from Islam.

A report PDF by the New York-based Center for Inquiry, a nonprofit that focuses on freedom of expression, contends the Cairo declaration represents "an alternative human rights system, infused with religious language and layered with exceptions, omissions, and caveats," including a religious test for speech.

InPresident George W. Bush appointed a U. The controversy led to a larger question of whether the United States should engage the OIC diplomatically. Moghul agrees, noting a bilateral approach would be a better strategy ReligiousDispatches. And other countries are also courting the OIC including Britain and China, which received its first visit from the head of the conference in June Religious Communities' Role in Countering Epidemics.

In Brief by Kali Robinson March 19, Podcast with James M.This website uses cookies to deliver some of our products and services as well as for analytics and to provide you a more personalized experience.

Visit our Cookie Notice to learn more. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. Other OSA Sites. The first Topical Meeting on Optical Interference Coatings was held more than 40 years ago in response to the growing need for researchers working in the field to have a more focused platform to communicate and to present their work. Between the s and the mids, significant progress had been made in many areas of optical coatings: theory, computer-aided design, optical monitoring, deposition techniques, physical and optical characterization techniques.

With these advances, interference coatings became an essential part of many optical systems and the thin film coating industry began to form across North America, Europe and elsewhere.

However, while thin film activities were a strong component in the Optical Society of America OSA annual meetings, there was no conference dedicated to optical interference coatings. InPhilip Baumeister took the initiative and organized the very first topical meeting on optical interference coatings in Pacific Grove, California, USA. The driving principle was to have a conference where people working in thin film research and the optical coating industry could come together and share their most important findings every four years later changed to three years.

Over the years, many pioneers and leading experts from countries all over the world in the optical coating field have become General or Program chairs of the OIC conferences see the table below or members of the program or advisory committees. Their contribution has helped greatly in promoting this international conference and in ensuring its continuity and growing success.

Since then, the OIC conference has grown considerably and it now regularly attracts over people from all over the world for five days of technical sessions, one day of short courses, a technical exhibit and three optical coating related contests in design, manufacturing and measurement.

With over contributed and invited papers, the OIC conference serves as a focal point for global technical interchange in the field of optical interference coatings. All aspects of optical coatings are covered including design, deposition technologies, process control, measurement, testing, characterization and, mostly importantly, the broad and ever-growing range of applications for optical coatings covering wavelengths from the soft X-ray to the far infrared spectral regions.

To ensure that the advances in optical coatings highlighted during the OIC conference are widely disseminated, a feature issue of the Applied Optics journal is dedicated to the OIC conference. We look forward to OIC conference to be held at the Hyatt Regency Tamaya Resort near Albuquerque, New Mexico, and continuing the tradition of bringing the optical field community together from all over the world to share the latest results and advances in the field of optical coatings.

Account Login Not a Member? Join OSA. Search for:. George Dobrowolski, Canada Alfred J. Thelen, Germany H.This website uses cookies to deliver some of our products and services as well as for analytics and to provide you a more personalized experience.

Visit our Cookie Notice to learn more. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. Other OSA Sites. Held every three years, the OIC conference has served for the past four decades as the premier conference on the topic of optical interference coatings. Scientists, researchers, engineers and students from all around the world attend to present, learn, and exchange ideas about the latest advancements in the field.

OIC will cover all aspects of optical coatings, including fundamental research on coating design theory, materials, deposition methods, characterization technologies, and applications in electronic displays, optical communication, high power and ultra-fast lasers, sensing, solar cells, low-emissivity coatings, optical instruments, and space.

None of the sessions are held in parallel, so attendees can listen to a short presentation on every paper and then choose to visit the posters of greatest interest. Each session is led off by invited talks by world leading experts. The conference also includes: three problem contests that demonstrate the start-of-art capability in the design, manufacturing and measurement of optical coatings; short courses that cater to the needs of beginning through advanced levels; a four-day technical exhibition by companies to display their latest products; a special evening technical presentation.

The conference provides ample opportunities for informal discussions and networking. Account Login Not a Member? Join OSA. Search for:. Access Proceedings Download the congress's summary papers. Download the Abstracts View the full technical program abstracts. Download Agenda of Sessions View the full agenda of sessions. Stay Informed Sign up for meetings updates.


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Tojam Posted on 10:12 pm - Oct 2, 2012

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